Historically the literature on personal control has highlighted its positive impact on a number of psychosocial outcomes, with the exertion of greater degrees of control generally being equated with positive results. Recent research, however, has begun to challenge the notion of such a simplistic approach, pointing instead to a differentiation among various aspects of personal control and to specific personal and situational variables that make the implementation of control strategies more favorable. This course traces the evolution of personal control from a relatively global construct to its more contemporary multidimensional conceptualization. Further, reviews of the literature relevant to individualized applications of personal control strategies are provided and findings indicative of the utility of control adaptations in the face of aging and the advent of significant life and health events are discussed.
This online course is approved for APA CE credit, NBCC CE clock hours, ASWB Clinical CE clock hours, and NYSED CE credit.
- Personal Control: A Brief History of the Construct
- Various Components of Control and Their Implications
- Primary vs. Secondary Control
- Potential Outcomes
After completing this course, health professionals will be able to:
- Define the 3 underlying constructs of personal control as it relates to health and aging from a theory- and evidence-based perspective.
- Differentiate between primary and secondary control strategies in the illness context.
- Recognize the evidence-based benefits of personal control in the management of 3 common conditions (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, chronic pain) and how this might translate into other disease models in the context of promoting healthy aging.