Near-Death Experience (NDE) represents an altered state of consciousness that has been linked to several neurochemical/neuroanatomic models, including theories that suggest anoxia, hypoxia, ketamine, or increased endorphins are released in a dying brain. Although NDEs are increasingly being reported in critical care settings, most healthcare professionals lack a sufficient knowledge base and associated clinical skills regarding this phenomenon. This course synthesizes 33 years of evidence-based research on NDEs, including its frequency, prevalence, short-term and long-term effects, assessment strategies,
DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for normative spiritual/transpersonal experiences, and associated barriers to and implications for treatment in a clinical setting. Specifically, the key characteristics reported by those experiencing NDEs are reviewed, with sensitivity to cross-cultural comparisons of characteristics reported by Western and non-Western accounts.
Current diagnostic criteria and various biopsychosocial assessments for NDEs are provided; each with a discussion of relevant religious, spiritual, and/or transpersonal issues. Lastly, clinical implications for treatment are addressed along with important barriers to treatment that can occur when co-morbid Axis I or Axis II DSM-IV-TR disorders exist.
This online course is approved for APA CE credit, NBCC CE clock hours and ASWB Clinical CE clock hours.
After completing this course, health professionals will be able to:
- Define a near death experience (NDE) including its prevalence and cross-cultural comparisons.
- Identify 7 leading causal theories along with the strengths and weaknesses of each model.
- Describe at least 6 common short- and long-term effects associated with NDEs.
- Improve diagnostic accuracy by implementing the use of the DSM-IV V-Code 62.89 and 2 assessment measures to assist with differential diagnosis.
- Identify at least 5 therapeutic strategies applicable to the NDE population.